Turkey and food security


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  • Over the next few decades, the world faces a historic challenge through the link between food security, economic development, and global environmental change.
  • The challenge in the coming years is to produce enough food to meet the needs of nine billion people while preserving and enhancing natural resources for future generations.
  • To move forward, agriculture will need to adapt to the changing climate in order to ensure adequate food production. Concerns about the additional challenges that come with food security being clearly addressed in political programs and policies have increased in recent years.
  • Turkey has a strong capacity for its food supply system to provide national food security in the face of increasing challenges in production, resource supply and self-sufficiency.
  • It is no secret to anyone that Turkey is a net food exporter, and it is looking to increase its productivity in this range to include greater reserves and a greater stock of global food security in anticipation of facing any possible fluctuations the world is going through, what actually now happening with covid 19.
  • As the world’s population continues to grow, more effort and innovation will be needed to increase agricultural production sustainably, improve the supply chain and enhance global food security.
  • The surge in world food prices and the 2007/08 crisis prompted international organizations to promote a comprehensive and unified response to the food security challenge.
  • Continued population and consumer growth mean that global demand for food will increase.
  • Projections show that the world needs to produce at least 50% of food to feed 9.1 billion people by 2050 (FAO, 2009).

What is food security?

  • Food security is a multi-layered concept and is usually applied at three levels of aggregation: national, regional, and family / individual.
  • There are many definitions of food security, but the most common definition is the availability of food and the ability of people to reach it (according to McDonald, 2010: 15).
  • The term “food security” was first used in the context of policy at the 1974 World Food Conference.
  • Then, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) came to the following definition, in terms of food security:

It exists when all people have, at all times, physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their nutritional needs and nutritional preferences for an active and healthy life.


Agriculture and its close link to food security in Turkey

  • Agriculture is one of the major components that affect food security. Agriculture is a very important sector that affects the environment through its direct impact on land cover and ecosystem. The agricultural sector is a special component of food security planning in Turkey.
  • Agriculture is one of the most important sectors in Turkey and contributes greatly to its economy.
  • The Islamic Republic of Turkey is distinguished by having a specific vision for food production along its vast agricultural lands and fertile green areas, as well as the diversity of its natural and environmental conditions.
  • There is no doubt that this productive capacity, which is closely and closely related to Turkish food security, carries with it great and very great importance for the future of food security for future generations.

Turkish challenges and persistence in its vision of its food program and its development

  • Despite the many challenges that Turkey faces in this regard, and the challenges of the refugee crisis and providing them with basic needs related to this regard and what it and the world now face are very big and big challenges in the emerging Corona virus crisis, the Turkish food program is proceeding at a steady pace in His effective vision in this regard.
  • It is worth noting here that Turkey ranks 41st in the world out of 113 countries united in the Global Food Security Index.
  • Turkey is among the top ten countries in the world, as it ranks tenth in the world in terms of the magnitude of agricultural production as one of the largest agricultural countries with a huge production capacity of 57 billion US dollars.
  • There are many, many different factors that determine the nature of the stability of this range of industry, such as standard food quality and fruitful production of food, as well as the stability of food prices, to require state intervention by imposing strict control in order to establish this stability.
  • The state is always directed to reduce pressure and burdens on the farms, the most important man in this process based on it and its productivity mainly through providing the necessary materials and providing many facilities and support to him to reduce production costs and maintain that he is not affected by the potential hikes or decreases in exchange rates, and works through Its vision is to mitigate the low levels of all these changes and to establish rules and constants that ensure increased efficiency and effective productivity for it.

What distinguishes Turkey from other countries in the field of food exports…

  • Turkey is located in a distinguished and strategic location between the countries of the world and the three continents of the ancient world. It is the gateway to the world in terms of geography.
  • On the other hand, it works to provide financial and material support to the agricultural sectors by applying policies that guarantee its food security to its people and the world in the long term, by encouraging and supporting farmers basically, within a big vision that includes the large and massive production on the long run, to confront and face any emergency, and to ensure stability of global food security.

Turkey is looking to increase its production, develop smart agriculture programs, and more effective visions to achieve greater local and international satisfaction.

International quality of Turkish food products

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  • Perhaps the greatest reflection of this matter appears in the agreements concluded by the Turkish state in this field, and that indicates its conformity with international standards in production and development and its conformity with American and European specifications. Perhaps the most prominent of these agreements are.
  • The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) cooperated with Turkey with three priorities: food security and food safety, with the aim of improving food quality and safety throughout the food chain; Sustainable use of natural resources and raising awareness of the impacts of climate change; Strengthening institutional capacities by providing technical assistance to strengthen farmers’ organizations, developing training programs for institutions, and developing national and international agricultural data.

The most important types of food products that Turkey exports.

 Turkey is one of the largest countries in the world in agricultural production, and ranks tenth, and one of the leading countries in this field and the most important of these products…

  1. Nut.
  2. The fig
  3. Dried apricots
  4. 4- Royal Raisin
  5. Turkish honey and sweets