Raw materials industry in Turkey

Raw materials industry in Turkey

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A look at the global present absent from that industry

  • Although Turkey’s metal industry may not be world famous, its products are a major source of export and source of revenue.
  • Actually, the “Made in Turkey” stamp can now be found on everything from NASA’s spacecraft copper wires to steel pots and pans in many of the world’s kitchens.
  • In this article, we will discuss Turkish progress in the manufacture of various raw materials from steel, chemicals and others.

Turkish steel and aluminum

The quality of the Turkish industry and the renaissance in the manufacture of raw materials is reflected in the figures for exports to all countries of the world

  • Regarding to steel, Turkey’s production capacity increased from 49.04 million tons in 2012 to 49.6 million tons in 2013, reaching a level of about 35% higher than in 2007.
  • In 2014, production capacity increased to 50.2 million tons, according to the Turkish Iron and Steel Producers Association. About 77% of production was performed in 2014 by EAFs, with the most common steel blocks produced.
  • About 24.6 million tons of these were produced, down 6.4% from 2013, while slab production reached 9.42 million tons, an increase of 12.7% from the previous year.

Challenges and the ability of the state to overcome them…

No industry is free from challenges that slow its production, as these challenges include:

  • The dominance of EAFs indicates that Turkish steel is mainly dependent on scrap metal – most of which is imported – as raw materials.
  • Available figures indicate that initial production is around 65,000 tons per year by using scrap.
  • It is worth noting here and in this context that Turkey has large reserves of bauxite.

The quality of the Turkish industry according to international specifications

  • Strategies for global leadership in this area have had the greatest impact, as in 2014, according to IMMIB, aluminum exports increased by 7.6%.
  • Turkey’s mineral exports to the European Union represent 50% of the total.
  • Turkey has also gained a reputation in the competition against China, the world’s largest metal producer.
  • Turkish minerals are known for their better quality and are cheaper compared to those produced in developed economies.
  • This good reputation is due to the quality of the Turkish industry, its conformity to American and European quality standards, and the complete integration between all parties involved in manufacturing, extraction, production and even shipping, as well as the important role the state plays in overseeing the quality of its products and exports.

Future aspirations

As metal manufacturers look to expand their reach into untapped markets in Africa and South America and beyond.

  • Effective strategies led to an increase in the actual export range of Turkey, as its exports in this field included reaching 222 countries around the world.
  • It is also worthy to say that Turkey has broken its record in exports for the year 2018 to break the barrier of this figure and reach 180 billion US dollars in 2019 and that the goal in 2020 will be to increase by 20 billion US dollars to reach the figure to 200 billion US dollars.

Turkish primary chemical industry

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Glimpse

  • Because of the great technological progress and the diversity of the products that are manufactured, as well as the effective integration between the supply chains and the network of interrelated relationships between this industry and other national industries, this has led to great and huge progress, especially in the fields of the automotive and textile industries.
  • The primary chemical industry was established in Turkey a very long time ago and is witnessing a very large diversity, being Turkey, a major and major producer of basic chemical raw materials and medium-sized materials, or those that enter into the next stages of the industry as well as petrochemicals.

The great Turkish diversity in the chemical raw materials industry

The chemical products produced by Turkey vary to include

  1. Inorganic petrochemicals
  2. Organic chemicals
  3. fertilizer
  4. Paints
  5. Medicines
  6. Soap
  7. “detergents” from synthetic materials
  8. Essential oils
  9. Cosmetics
  10. Personal care products.
  11. Polycarbonate

Between self-sufficiency and a global surplus of human needs

  • Most chemicals are produced by the private sector.
  • 30 percent of production is directly intended for direct use by consumers.
  • There is 70 percent of production going to other sectors as intermediate and raw commodities.
  • A large part of the raw materials industry as a stand-alone sector relies mainly on imports for raw materials and technology.
  • This does not mean that Turkey is poor in the raw materials needed for these industries, as it is among the leading countries in the world that contain large reserves of boron, chrome and tuna.

The progress and the huge economic renaissance are evident in the volume of exports

  • The primary chemical industries sector, as a separate sector, is exported to the largest number of countries, as many of these industries were exported to 208 different countries and territories.
  • Turkish exports in this field can be classified among the highest among all other fields and industries that Turkey exports, as mineral fuels were exported, as well as a group of mineral oils with a trade volume of $ 5.5 billions.
  • Exports in plastics amounted to $ 5.4 billion, as well as $ 1.7 billion in inorganic chemicals.
  • There is also $ 1.15 billion in rubber and other accessory rubber products, as well as $ 825 million in drugs.
  • Export volume of US $ 755 million in soap and laundry products.
  • 775 million in paint and varnish, $ 759 million in essential oils, cosmetics and other skin care products.

All these numbers and steady increases in the volume of trade exchanges desirable by the countries of the world, but they reflect the quality and universality of Turkish products in everything related to the manufacture of raw materials, and the extent to which these products conform to European and American specifications in all stages of production and their conformity to the highest international standards and specifications by bodies and institutions Global business and those in charge of these industries.